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Version 18 as at 30 April 2011
Origin of the Bessarabian families: The Böttcher family

Content

Preface

It is not clear how the different Böttcher families of Bessarabia are related. On this page I describe the results of my studies.

The page is divided into chapters describing secundary sources, checked data from Bessarabian sources and data from Polish sources. At the end I show the possible relationship.

Secondary sources

The compilation was moved to a separate page about the secondary sources for the Böttcher family.

Checked data from Bessarabian records

My main focus is on the Böttcher family which immigrated to Kulm and Leipzig. Of course this is reflected in the data that I have checked reading Bessarabian church records. I have published as a result of my work the family tree of the Böttcher family.

Records from outside Bessarabia

I have moved the discoveries I made in Polish church records to a separate page dealing with the Böttcher family in Poland.

Villages

A compilation of the villages mentioned in the Polish curch records have been moved to a separate page dealing with the Böttcher family in Poland.

Settlement areas

Settlers in Central Poland

Origin of German settlers
in Central Poland

Bearing in mind Albert Breyer's essay „Deutsche Gaue in Mittelpolen“ [1] [German districts in Central Poland] the mentioned villages can be grouped into settlement areas as follows. The different settlement waves that can be regognized can lead us to conclusions about the relationship of the different Böttcher families.

The Vistula Lowland: Troszyn, Wiączemin, Wyszogród, Nowa Wies Śladów, Śladów.

The first settlement of the Vistula Lowland took place in Słońsk in the year of 1605, Alt-Bógpomóż was founded in 1610. After 1650 there were no further settlement activities of the Germans from the Vistula area and not until 1730 more settlements were founded upstream Vistula. Mainly from the old settlements Słońsk and Bógpomóż many settlers moved to these newly founded setttlement. In 1749 settlers move to the the Antoniner Kämpe, 1759 Deutsch-Troszyn is established and at the same time Deutsch-Wiączemin.

About the origin of the settlers of the Vistula Lowlands it can be said that most of the immigrants that arrived between 1600 and 1650 came from the downstream villages, that already had been founded in the 16th century, from the surroundings of Thorn, Bromberg, Kulm, Schwetz, Graudenz, Neuenburg, Marienwerder, Dirschau and the große and kleine Werder near Danzig. According to the church records of the protestant parish in Thorn few families came from West Pomerania and Farther Pomerania, from the surroundings of Schievelbein, Kolberg und Christenberg.

The inhabitants of the villages founded after 1750 instead came mainly from the already existing villages north of Włocławek and Thorn and can be considered as daughter villages. [1]

The Kuyavian Lake Plateau: Rozopol, Augustopol, Zgórze.

Typical for the German settlements in Kuyavia is the large geographical distribution. The first settlement Kamieniec and the surrounding villages Sinki and Koneck-Holland were founded in 1753; this area was predominantly inhabited by people from the Vistula Lowlands, partially also by Pomeranians.

About 1795 there have been more or less 110 small German villages, rarely with more the 10 homesteads. The bigest part of the Kuyavian settlers came indirectly or directly from Eastern Pomerania; they firstly settled north of the Netze river. After 1600 they crossed the Netze, in 1650 they were already residentiary in the area of Labischin and north of Mogilno and Strelno, and after 1750 finally in the area of the Kuyavian Lake Plateau. [1]

The Gostyner Land: Tuliska, Modrzew.

About 1780 the first German settlers arrived in the Gostyner Land, and until 1800 12 German villages were established, predominantly in the surroundings of Gostynin. Mostly the settlers were from the Netzegau, from the surroundings of Margonin, Labischin, Schubin, Wirsitz. But some settlers also arrived directly from Pomerania or even Mecklenburg. The colonists of the von Treskow's villages came from the Warthebruch, from the surroundings of Küstrin and Landsberg. [1]

The area of Łódź: Słowik, Brużica, Radogosz, Gląbie, Plichtów, Długie, Zielona Góra, Łaznowska Wola.

The eldest registered German settlement is Ruda Bugaj in 1782. In the following years many other settlements were founded in the surroundings of Łódź in order to reclaim land as for example is certified in 1791 by V. Chobrzyński, landlord and lord of the manor of Groß Brużyca, „and of the associated properties Pustkowiów, Wierzbny, Bugaja, Rudy and other estates, which are for more then onehundred some tenths of years deserted, and from which neither my forefathers nor I and my family did have any vantages for such a long time. Because of this we want to reclaim land from these deserted properties and gain useful fields“.

Słowik already existed in 1790. Radogoszcz was founded in 1795. Before 1800, that is before the Prussian colonization there were in the immediate vicinity of Łódź 28 German villages. To the south and east, near Petrikau, Tomaszow, Bełchatow and Brzeziny 21.

Between 1800 and 1805 The Südpreußische Kriegs- und Domänenkammer (Southprussian War and Domain Chamber) founded more colonies, for example in the domain of Łaznów: Grömbach, Grünberg, Neusulzfeld, Wilhelmswald or in the domain of Pabjanice: Königsbach and Effingshausen. But also local landlords founded further settlements.

The settlers around Łódź arrived from five different German areas. From north the Pomeranians, from west the Silesians, in the Prussian time the Swabians and Palatinates and after 1830 people from Hesse. The last three groups arrived directly from Germany, whereas the Pomeranians ans Silesians founded doughter colonies; they mainly arrived from settlements in Central Poland, that had been founded before. The Pomeranians predominantly came from Kuyavia, the Silesians from the "Kalischer Land"; only few settlers immigrated directly from Pomerania, Neumark or Silesia. A considerable part of the Pomeranians was domiciled in the Posen area and in the Netzegau.

The parish Groß-Bruzyca can be considered as the "mother parish" (Muttergemeinde) in the area of Łódź, whose foundation was approved by the Southprussian Consistory in Warsaw in October 1801. [1]

Asumed relationship

The asumed relationship is now discussed on a separate page dealing with the Böttcher familiy in Poland.

Footnotes

Change history for this page